On April 4, 2011, the U.S. Department of Education Office of Civil Rights released a Dear Colleague Letter providing guidance and reminding colleges and universities that accept federal funds of their responsibilities under Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 to address sexual harassment and assault. The Dear Colleague Letter is based on the OCR interpretation of the 2001 Revised Sexual Harassment Guidance and provides institutions with practical examples of how postsecondary institutions should comply with Title IX by proactive education and by taking action to end harassment, prevent recurrence and remedy the effects.
Sexual harassment prohibited by Title IX is unwelcome conduct of a sexual nature. It can include unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, and other verbal, nonverbal, or physical conduct of a sexual nature, such as sexual assault or acts of sexual violence. Sexual harassment of a student can deny or limit, on the basis of sex, the student's ability to participate in or to receive benefits, services, or opportunities in the school's program.
Title IX Coordinator Responsibilities:
The Title IX Coordinator has primary responsibility for the coordination of the Campus Title IX compliance efforts. The Title IX coordinator implements and monitors the Title IX process including:
- Investigation of and disposition of complaints
- Provision of educational materials
- Training for campus community