Timothy D. Walker
Dr. Timothy Walker (B.A., Hiram College, 1986; M.A., Ph.D., Boston University, 2001) is an associate professor of history at the University of Massachusetts Dartmouth. At UMD, he serves as Fulbright Program Advisor (faculty and students); Associate Director of the Center for Portuguese Studies and Culture (2007-2009); a member of the graduate faculty of the Department of Portuguese Studies; and an affiliated faculty member of the Center of Indian Studies and Program in Women’s Studies. Walker is also an Affiliated Researcher of the Centro de História de Além-Mar (CHAM); Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Portugal. From 1994 to 2003, he was a visiting professor at the Universidade Aberta in Lisbon. During Fall Term 2010 Walker was a visiting professor at Brown University.
Teaching fields include Early Modern Europe, the Atlantic World, the Portuguese and their empire, maritime history and European global colonial expansion. Current research topics focus on the 17th and 18th centuries, and include the adoption of colonial indigenous medicines by European science during the Enlightenment, slave trading in the Atlantic and Indian Oceans, as well as commercial and cultural links between the Portuguese overseas colonies in Asia, Africa and the Americas.
Doctors, Folk Medicine and the Inquisition: The Repression of Magical Healing in Portugal during the Enlightenment. Brill Academic Publishers; Leiden, The Netherlands (2005).
Médicos, Medicina Popular e a Inquisição. Portuguese translation of the above text. Joint publication of the Instituto de Ciências Sociais (Lisbon, Portugal) and the Fundação Oswaldo Cruz (Rio de Janeiro, Brazil) (2011).
Peer Reviewed Journal Articles:
1. “The Early Modern Globalization of Indian Medicine: Portuguese Dissemination of Drugs and Healing Techniques from South Asia on Four Continents, 1670-1830.” Portuguese Literary and Cultural Studies, Number 19 (Dr. Cristiana Bastos, guest editor; September 2010).
2. “Slave Labor and Chocolate in Brazil: The Culture of Cacao Plantations in Amazonia and Bahia (17th-19th Centuries).” In a special issue of the journal Food and Foodways, Carole Counihan and Allen Grieco, eds. (Taylor and Francis, June 2007).
3. “Slaves, Soldiers and the Indian Mutiny as Seen from Goa: One Portuguese Response to the Crisis in British India, 1857-1859,” in The Portuguese Studies Review, 11 (2), 2004.
4. “The Role of the Popular Healer in Early Modern Portugal.” In Manguinhos: História Ciências Saúde (Fundação Oswaldo Cruz; Rio de Janeiro, Brazil), Volume 11, Supplement 1, 2004.
5. “Abolishing the Slave Trade in Portuguese India: Documentary Evidence of Popular and Official Resistance to Crown Policy, 1842-1860.” In Slavery and Abolition, Vol. 3. London: Frank Cass Publications, 2004.
6. “Les sorciers africains et l’Inquisition en Portugal, 1680-1800.” In Revista Lusófona de Ciência das Religiões; Ano III, 2004; no. 5 (Paris; Gulbenkian Foundation) (pp. 83-98).
7. "Remedies from the Carreira da Índia: Asian Influences on Portuguese Medicine during the Age of Enlightenment." In The Portuguese Studies Review, Vol. 9, Nos. 1-2, 2001.
8. "Slaves, Free Blacks and the Inquisition in Early Modern Portugal: Race as a Factor in Magical Crimes Trials." In The Bulletin of the Society for Spanish and Portuguese Historical Studies, Vol. XXV No. 2, 2000.
Peer Reviewed Edited Volume Chapters:
1. “Stocking Colonial Pharmacies: Commerce in South Asian Indigenous Medicines from their Native Sources in the Portuguese Estado da Índia.” Chapter forthcoming in the edited volume Networks in the First Global Age (1400-1800); Rila Mukherjee, editor (New Delhi: Primus Press, 2011).
2. “Acquisition and Circulation of Medical Knowledge within the Portuguese Colonial Empire during the Early Modern Period.” In Science, Power and the Order of Nature in the Spanish and Portuguese Empires (edited volume), Daniela Bleichmar, Kristin Huffine and Paula De Vos, eds. (Stanford University Press, 2009).
3. “Confections and Healing: Chocolate in the Portuguese Court and Empire, c. 1580-1830.” In Chocolate: History, Culture and Heritage, Louis Grivetti and Howard Shapiro, editors (Wiley, 2009).
4. “Establishing Cacao Plantation Culture in the Atlantic World: Portuguese Colonial Cacao Cultivation in Brazil and West Africa, c. 1580-1912.” In Chocolate: History, Culture and Heritage, Louis Grivetti and Howard Shapiro, editors (Wiley, 2009).
5. “Physicians and surgeons in the service of the Inquisition: the nexus of religion and conventional medical training in enlightenment-era Portugal” In Medicine and Religion in Enlightenment Europe (edited volume), Ole Peter Grell and Andrew Cunningham, eds. (Ashgate Publishing, 2007).
6. “A Commodities Price Guide and Merchants’ Handbook to the Ports of Asia: Portuguese Trade Information-Gathering and Marketing Strategies in the Estado da Índia (circa 1750-1800).”In Metahistory: History Questioning History; A Festschrift for Teotónio R. de Souza (edited collection), Dr. Charles Borges and Dr. Michael N. Pearson, editors. (Lisbon, Nova Vega, 2007).
7. “Slaves or Soldiers? African Conscripts in Portuguese India, 1857-1860.” In Slavery in the Indian Ocean Region (edited volume), Richard Eaton and Indrani Chatterjee, editors (Indiana University Press, 2006).
8. "Portuguese Paradox: Lisbon as a Strategic Haven in the Atlantic World." In Atlantic Perspectives; Willem W. Klooster and Alfred L. Padula, eds. New York: Prentice Hall, 2003.
9. "Evidence of the Use of Ayurvedic Medicine in the Medical Institutions of Portuguese India, 1680-1830." In Ayurveda at the Crossroads of Care and Cure. Lisbon: Universidade Nova de Lisboa, 2002.
10. "The Role of Licensed Physicians and Surgeons in the Inquisition and at Court during the Reign of João V." In Discovery, New Frontiers and Expansion in the Luso-Hispanic World. The Mediterranean Studies Association, 1999.
Work in Progress
1. “The Medicines Trade in the Portuguese Atlantic World: Dissemination of Plant Remedies and Healing Knowledge from Brazil, c. 1580-1830.” In The Early Modern Drugs Trade in the Atlantic World (special issue of the journal The Social History of Medicine; Harold Cook and Timothy Walker, eds.). (Volume proposal under consideration for publication in 2012).
2. Commissioned chapter for new university-level Colonial American History textbook: “European Ambitions and Early Contacts: Diverse Styles of Colonization (1492-1700),” in Converging Worlds: Communities and Cultures in Colonial America, Louise Breen, editor (Routledge Press, 2011).
3. “Supplying Simples for the Royal Hospital: An Indo-Portuguese Medicinal Garden in Goa (1550-1830).” Contribution for the conference publication: “Portuguese and Luso-Asian Legacies in Southeast Asia, 1511-2011.” The Institute for Southeast Asian Studies (Singapore) and the Embassy of Portugal in Singapore; 28 - 30 September 2010 (publication 2011).
• National Endowment for the Humanities Fellowship (12 Months; July 2012-June 2013) Project: “Global Medical Exchanges in the Portuguese Colonial World”
• P.I.; NEH “Landmarks in American History” Grant for summer teacher training workshops in MA (2011). Title: “Sailing to Freedom: New Bedford and the Underground Railroad.” Award: $178,000.00
• Fundação Gulbenkian Fellowship for Research and Book Manuscript Composition (2010-2011)
• Named Senior Research Scholar in a U.S. National Science Foundation Grant (2007-2011). Project Title: “Antagonistic Tolerance: Global Comparative Perspectives on Competitive Sharing of Religious Sites”
• University of the Azores Mobility Program Antero de Quental/Luso-American Development Foundation Grant for research at the Regional Archives of the Azores (2009-2010)
• Affiliated Researcher: Centro de História de Além-Mar (CHAM); Universidade Nova de Lisboa (2009)
• University of California Davis/Mars History of Chocolate Project Grant (January 2005-Summer 2007)
• Portuguese Fundação Oriente (Orient Foundation) Postdoctoral Fellowship (2003-2004)
• Wellcome Trust History of Medicine Travel Grant (2003)(Affiliation at the Wellcome Centre, UCL)
• National Archive of Portugal/Luso-American Development Foundation Research Fellowship (2002-2003; 2008)
• NEH/American Institute of Indian Studies Professional Development Grant to India (2000-2001; 2002)
• Boston University Humanities Foundation Award (1998)
• Fulbright Dissertation Research Grant to Portugal (1996-1997)
• Portuguese Instituto Camões Doctoral Dissertation Research Grant (1995-1996)
• Luso-American Development Foundation Grant for Travel and Maintenance (1994; 1996; 1999; 2000)
• Invited Visiting Fellow and lecturer at the Ecole des Haute Etudes en Sciences Sociales (EHESS), and the Sorbonne, Paris, France (One-month residency & four lectures completed in June 2007).
Project Title: “The Early Globalization of Indian Medicine: Portuguese Dissemination, 1563-1830”