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Chart differentiating between IDEA and ADA service

Comparison of the requirements and Procedures of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) and the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA)
Rights guaranteed by the law IDEA (K-12) ADA (College)
Free, appropriate public education (FAPE) Prohibits discrimination on the basis of disability
Who is covered Every child; Concept of zero reject Students who are "otherwise qualified"
Identification and evaluation of students with disabilities  District is responsible for identifying students with disabilities, evaluating them, and covering costs  College has no such responsibility.  Student must self-identify and provide appropriate documentation.  If an evaluation is needed, the expense is the student's responsibility.
Determining Services  Individualized Education Plan (IEP) developed by team Curriculum modifications and special programs are common. Student must identify and request all accommodations.  Academic adjustments that equalize opportunity for participation are required; Substantial modifications to curriculum and lowered standards are not required. 
Personal devices and services such as wheelchairs, hearing aids, and personal care attendants  Provided by district if determined to be necessary (and included in IEP) Colleges are not required to provide personal devices or services.
Role of parents  Parents must be included in decision-making. College students are over 18 and are considered adults.  Parent consultation is not required, and by law, university staff cannot speak to parents without student authorization.
Appeals process Right to due process as spelled out in the law College grievance procedure, then file a complaint with the USDOE Office of Civil Rights
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